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When present in pregnant women it is known as Mask of Pregnancy. These appear as dark or tan patches of skin discolouration. These dark patches that appear on your skin may be related to Melasma, but this is not always the case.
Melasma is a skin concern that affects not only pregnant women but anyone undergoing hormonal changes. Melasma is of concern to women undergoing menopause or any kind of hormonal therapy. Contraceptive pills may effect the hormonal balance too, to appear as melasma.
These irregular and dark patches are usually apparent on the face, and in particular, on the forehead, upper lip, nose and cheek areas. Incidents of melasma can ironically also affect men too that are either native American or even those of European origin.
Causes of Melasma
Medically, there is presently no clearly defined cause for the occurrence of Melasma, although there are some factors that may likely trigger the effects as follow:
- Genetic Profile
- Hormonal Changes
- Extended Sun Exposure
- Birth Control Usage
- Specific Medications
In some instances related to pregnancy, it may only be necessary to wait until proper hormonal balance is achieved after giving birth. This can result in a restoration of proper skin conditions and cause any indications of melasma to disappear.
If visual evidence of melasma continues, it may be necessary or desirable to engage more efffective treatment methods, and there are several to choose from.
Fractional skin resurfacing is one of the most effective laser treatments in aesthetic dermatology. It improves the condition of the skin by breaking down the pigmentation at a deeper dermal level.
Minimal discomfort is reported with fractional skin resurfacing treatment. Depending on the severity of the condition 3-5 treatments are likely necessary and additional fractional skin resurfacing treatments are recommended as maintenance.
Intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment is also very effective along with fractional skin resurfacing in the treatment of Melasma. It is a simple process with virtually no down time. A Intense pulsed light (IPL) is pulsed into the skin which is absorbed by the melanin in the skin and converted into heat. The heat causes the melanin to break down and the pigment is eliminated by normal metabolic processes in a very short period of time.
Microdermabrasion treatments and clinical chemical skin peels can also help to address issues related to melasma concerns.
Although there is no quick and simple solution with respect to Melasma skin problems, there are effective options for treatments.
Laser Genesis Skin Care Clinic, Mississauga provides solutions for Melasma and offers Fractional Skin Resurfacing, as the best treatments. Contact us for a FREE and confidential introductory session. IPL treatment is the second best treatment offered.
Frequently asked questions?
Anyone can be affected by Melasma, however women are more prone to getting melasma specially during pregnancy.
Genetics may affect in certain cases, however hormones and sun exposure are the main cause of Melasma.
Hormonal and genetic melasma are not only hard but impossible to prevent. Limiting unprotected sun exposure is the best way to prevent melasma. Good quality sunscreen with both UVA and UVB protection are highly recommended.
When Melasma occurs during pregnancy, also known as mask of pregnancy, is resolved very quickly after the child birth. Hormonal melasma may take some time to clear completely.
There are many factors that affect the success of the treatment. Fractional Skin Resurfacing is a very effective procedure for Melasma. Mild to medium depth chemical peels also help to minimize Melasma. Using home care that inhibits overproduction of melanocytes along with professional treatments can help in achieving good results.